How the U.S. Constitution Impacts You and Local Government

Guest Editorial
Two hundred and thirty-five years ago, on September 17, the U.S. Constitution was signed, thus creating the system of government, a representative democracy, we have in place to this very day. My office celebrates the signing of the U.S. Constitution every September during Constitution Week, which is September 17-23 this year.

The Constitution established three co-equal branches of government, creating a separation of powers and a system of checks and balances. This system of checks and balances ensures that no one branch of government has too much power.

Our state constitution mirrors the federal constitution in many ways, but also includes critical government oversight at the local level. In 1838, the Florida Constitution established a Clerk & Comptroller as an independent constitutional officer and elected public trustee, creating a system of checks and balances at the county level. Independent oversight guarantees residents that expenditures are lawful and policies are being followed.

I serve as your Clerk of the Circuit Court and County Comptroller, including Ex Officio Clerk of the Board of County Commissioners, Auditor, Recorder, and Custodian of all County Funds.

My role is governed by statutory authority in carrying out the duties and functions of this office.

We perform over 1,000 different constitutional and statutory functions and duties that grow with legislation, regulation, and reporting requirement changes.

This office is home to a dedicated group of accounting experts, auditors, and Clerk staff who provide the necessary oversight of the County's finances and policy.

Financial oversight includes confirming that expenditures serve a lawful public purpose by conducting a pre-audit of all county spending before payment is processed. And provide accounting services to all departments under the Board of County Commissioners. The accounting department follows statutory authority and adheres to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and follows best practices recommended by the Government Finance Officers Association (GFOA).

The Division of Inspector General conducts post-audits. These audits aim to verify that all financial transactions:
  • Contain supporting documentation
  • Are accurately recorded and reported
  • Are properly approved
  • Are legal expenditures which serve a public purpose
Not only does the Division of Inspector General conduct financial audits, but it also provides policy oversight by:
  • Undertaking an annual risk assessment
  • Conducting compliance audits
  • Performing operational/performance audits
All audit reports conducted by the Division of Inspector General are available to the public on our website at, along with annual financial reports.

This Constitution Week, know your Clerk & Comptroller protects the public trust by the constitutional authority granted to oversee the tax dollars of we the people.

About Clerk & Comptroller Angel Colonneso

Angel Colonneso is the 18th Manatee County Clerk of Circuit Court & Comptroller. Ms. Colonneso has over 30 years of public service to Manatee County, most of that time working in the office of the Manatee County Clerk of the Circuit Court & Comptroller. Before becoming Clerk & Comptroller in 2015, Ms. Colonneso worked as an Assistant State Attorney under Earl Moreland. She later was the General Counsel to her predecessor, Mr. Chips Shore. Outside of her public service duty as Clerk & Comptroller, Ms. Colonneso is an active community member with memberships in the Bradenton Kiwanis Club, Florida Association of Women Lawyers, and the Manatee County Bar Association.

Reader Comments
Doug G
SEP 20, 2022  •  Too bad that author referred to our federal government as a democracy. The US constitution spells out a representative REPUBLIC.
Lori Bryan
SEP 19, 2022  •  Thank you Angel for your hard work and dedication to Manatee County residents.
Ruth Lawler
SEP 18, 2022  •  We are so fortunate to have such an experienced, dedicated and committed Manatee County Clerk of the Court and Comptroller in Angel Colonneso. Shame on our County Commissioners denying the request for two additional staff persons to the Comptroller's office. With mushrooming population and budget oversight, why would the Commissioner deny this request? Do they not want comprehensive and accurate oversight to County spending??
Brett McIntosh
SEP 18, 2022  •  Thanks for the educational article Angel. This clerk's office continues to function at a high level of efficiency despite the challenges created by the past few years. There are some true public servants working there.
Paul Finer
SEP 18, 2022  •  Angel needs to call for federal help in jointly funded projects:
Paul Finer
SEP 18, 2022  •  Angel needs to call in a federal I G for help in jointly funded projects. The Manatee I G cannot do an adequate job. Start here: